Panchakki, Baba Shah Mosafar Dargah
Panchakki (water mill): Housed in the Dargah complex of Baba Shah Musafir, this is a 17th-century water mill situated at a distance of 1 km from the city. An intriguing water mill, the Panchakki is famous for its underground water channel, which traverses more than 8 km to its source away in the mountains. The channel culminates in a mesmerising artificial waterfall that powers the mill. This monument displays the scientific thought process put in medieval Indian architecture.
Around the mill, you can find the Baba Shah MusafirDargah, a sprawling garden and several other monuments. It also offers amazing views of the Kham River and the cenotaph of Baba Shah Musafir and a few graves that belongs to his disciples.
One of the things that make Aurangabad stand out from the several other medieval cities in India are its 52 ‘gates’, each of which have a local history, or had individuals linked with them. In fact, Aurangabad is known as city of gates becuase of 52 gates built at the every entrance in the city. Out of the 52 big gates,the most famous, oldest and biggest of them is the Bhadkal Gate, which was built by Malik Ambar in commemoration of his victory against the Mughals.
Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Museum
Chhatrapati Shivaji Museum, as the name suggests it is dedicated to Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, the great Maratha ruler. War weapons and other antique items of the former rulers of Maratha Empire are put here for public viewing. Main attractions of the museum are the 500-year-old war suit, a 400-yr old Paithani Sari and the hand-written copy of Quran by Aurangzeb. The museum is open all days of the week from 10:30 A.M to 6:00 P.M.
History Museum, Aurangabad
One of the best and well organised museums of the city, the History museum is a part of the History department of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University. The brain child of Late Dr. Ramesh Shankar Gupte, the museum houses various artifacts relating to Satvahan dynasty and original paintings of Rajput, Mughal, Maratha, and British era. The figurines and excavations from 7th to the 12th century are displayed at the museum. The museum also displays sculptures from Bhokardan and Daulatabad excavations; Sir Rao Bahadur Paranis’ collection of original Rajput, Maratha and Mughal paintings; Dr. SB Deshmukh’s collection of arms & armours, coins, textiles, semi-precious stones and excavation objects from Paithan.
Soneri Mahal was built by a Bundelkhand chief near the foothill of the left-wing of the Aurangabad Caves. Mahal is named after the paintings in the palace that were once painted in gold. The palace building is made of stone and lime and has a high plinth. It is a two-storeyed spacious building, constructed in typical Rajput style. This ancient historic monument is now transformed into a museum and displays a variety of ancient Indian dresses, pottery and remains of local palaces and antiques of daily use. The palace is the venue for the Aurangabad Festival, where musicians and dancers perform their art. During the festival, the regional artisans also put up many stalls to sell their artifacts.
Salim Ali Lake & Bird Sanctuary
Salim Ali Lake and the bird sanctuary is named after the great ornithologist, naturalist Salim Ali, popularly known as birdman of India. It is located in the northern part of the city and is a humble abode of various local and migratory birds. Salim Ali Talab as it is known in the present times also contains a small bird Sanctuary and the area around the lake is good for Bird watching in winter when a number of migratory birds arrive for nesting.